A plumber is a tradesperson who specializes in installing and maintaining systems used for potable (drinking) water, sewage and drainage in plumbing systems.The term dates from ancient times, and is related to the Latin word for lead, "plumbum". The word "plumber" dates from the Roman Empire.3 The Latin for lead is plumbum.
Plumbing equipment includes devices often hidden behind walls or in utility spaces which are not seen by the general public.
New tools have been developed to help plumbers fix problems more efficiently.
For example, plumbers use video cameras for inspections of hidden leaks or problems, they use hydro jets, and high pressure hydraulic pumps connected to steel cables for trench-less sewer line replacement.Å¹rÃ³dÅ‚o: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plumbing#Equipment_and_tools
As recently as the late 19th century sewerage systems in some parts of the rapidly industrializing United Kingdom were so inadequate that water-borne diseases such as cholera and typhoid remained a risk. From as early as 1535 there were efforts to stop polluting the River Thames in London. Beginning with an Act passed that year that was to prohibit the dumping of excrement into the river. Leading up to the Industrial Revolution the River Thames was identified as being thick and black due to sewage, and it was even said that the river ?smells like death.?24 As Britain was the first country to industrialize, it was also the first to experience the disastrous consequences of major urbanisation and was the first to construct a modern sewerage system to mitigate the resultant unsanitary conditions.citation needed During the early 19th century, the River Thames was effectively an open sewer, leading to frequent outbreaks of cholera epidemics.
Proposals to modernise the sewerage system had been made during 1856, but were neglected due to lack of funds.However, after the Great Stink of 1858, Parliament realised the urgency of the problem and resolved to create a modern sewerage system.Å¹rÃ³dÅ‚o: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_water_supply_and_sanitation.